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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Environmental Radioactivity Année : 2018

Development and assessment of a simple ecological model (TRIPS) for forests contaminated by radiocesium fallout

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Résumé

The management of vast forested zones contaminated by radiocesium (rCs) following the Chernobyl and Fukushima fallout is of great social and economic concern in affected areas and requires appropriate dynamic models as predictive or questioning tools. Generally, the existing radio-ecological models need less fragmented data and more ecological realism in their quantitative description of the rCs cycling processes. The model TRIPS (“Transfer of Radionuclide In Perennial vegetation Systems”) developed in this study privileged an integrated approach which makes the best use of mass balance studies and available explicit experimental data for Scots pine stands. A main challenge was the differentiation and calibration of foliar absorption as well as root uptake in order to well represent the rCs biocycling. The general dynamics of rCs partitioning was simulated with a relatively good precision against an independent series of observed values. In our scenario the rCs biological cycling enters a steady-state about 15 years after the atmospheric deposits. At that time, the simulations showed an equivalent contribution of foliage and root uptake to the tree contamination. But the root uptake seems not sufficient to compensate the activity decline in the tree. The initial foliar uptake and subsequent internal transfers were confirmed to have a great possible impact on the phasing of tree contamination. An extra finding concerns the roots system acting as a buffer in the early period. The TRIPS model is particularly useful in cases where site-specific integrated datasets are available, but it could also be used with adequate caution to generic sites. This development paves the way for simplification or integration of new modules, as well as for a larger number of other applications for the Chernobyl or Fukushima forests once the appropriate data become available. According to the sensitivity analysis that involves in particular reliable estimates of net foliar uptake as well as root uptake not disconnected from rCs exchange reactions in soil.
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Dates et versions

hal-01854976 , version 1 (07-08-2018)

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  • HAL Id : hal-01854976 , version 1

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Yves Thiry, Achim Albrecht, Taku Tanaka. Development and assessment of a simple ecological model (TRIPS) for forests contaminated by radiocesium fallout. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 2018. ⟨hal-01854976⟩

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